robert ii of scotland family tree
, The Stewarts greatly increased their holdings in the west, in Atholl, and in the far north: the earldoms of Fife and Menteith went to Robert II's second surviving son Robert, the earldoms of Buchan and Ross (along with the lordship of Badenoch) to his fourth son Alexander and the earldoms of Strathearn and Caithness to the eldest son of his second marriage, David. Just as Randolph was a favourite of the king, David II mistrusted Robert Stewart with his powerful positions of heir presumptive and Guardian of Scotland. Robert Ier, également appelé Robert Bruce (Robert de Brus en anglo-normand, Roibert a Briuis en gaélique écossais, Robert the Bruce en anglais), est roi des Écossais de 1306 à 1329. King Robert II has also many illegitimate children with several mistresses, including four sons with his favorite Mariota Cardeny, daughter of Sir Cardeny, and widow of Alexander Mac Naugthon: Alexander Stewart, of Inverlunan Sir John Stewart, of Cardeny James Stewart, of Abernethy and Kinfauna Walter Stewart Other issue born by unknown women: John Stewart, sheriff of Bute Thomas Stewart, archdeacon of St Andrews Alexander Stewart, canon of Glasgow Maria or Mary Stewart, wife of Sir John de Danielstoun and mother of Sir Robert de Danielstoun of that Ilk (ancestor of Cunningham of Kilmaurs, and Maxwell of Calderwood) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_II_of_Scotland.  Contrary to Froissart's view, the early Scottish chroniclers—Andrew of Wyntoun and Walter Bower (who both utilised a source that was nearly contemporary with Robert II)—and later 15th and 16th century Scottish chroniclers and poets showed 'Robert II as a Scottish patriotic hero, a defender of the integrity of the Scottish kingdom, and as the direct heir to Robert I'. The two most important branches of the family are the Scottish Royal Stewarts, represented by descendants of King Robert II of Scotland (grandson of Alexander Stewart) via Alexander's eldest son Sir James Stewart; and the Stewarts of Lennox, with some Scottish descendant lines plus the English Royal Stuarts, who descend from Alexander Stewart's younger son, Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl. [S2149] #665 The Genealogist (1877-1922), (Old Series, 7 volumes, 1877-1883. Il est né le 11 juillet 1274, probablement au château de Turnberry, et mort le 7 juin 1329 à Cardross. He had the upbringing of a Gaelic noble on the Stewart lands in Bute, Clydeside, and in Renfrew. The family name itself comes from the office of High Steward of Scotland, which had been held by the family scion Walter fitz Alan (c. 1150). By 1384 the Scots had re-taken most of the occupied lands, but following the commencement of Anglo-French peace talks, Robert was reluctant to commit Scotland to all-out war and obtained Scotland's inclusion in the peace treaty. Robert Stewart inherited the title of High Steward of Scotland on his father's death on 9 April 1326, and a Parliament held in July 1326 confirmed the young Steward as heir should Prince David die without a successor. Edward Balliol, son of King John Balliol, assisted by the English and Scottish nobles disinherited by Robert I, invaded Scotland inflicting heavy defeats on the Bruce party on 11 August 1332 at Dupplin Moor and Halidon Hill on 10 July 1333.  Robert II's rule during the 1370s saw the country's finances stabilised and greatly improved due in part to the flourishing wool trade, reduced calls on the public purse and by the halting of his predecessor's ransom money on the death of Edward III of England. In 1355, Robert married his second wife Euphemia de Ross (died 1387), daughter of Hugh, Earl of Ross. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, pages 16, 77, 310-311. In the absence of volunteers, Margaret vows to take the Castle herself, defeating Lord Musgrave and his mistress Jane Howard. The family tree for Robert II, King of Scotland is still in the early stages of research.  The Lords of Misrule (1976) by Nigel Tranter. There are 16 character cards with various characters speaking about their relationship to Mary.  Boardman explains that Robert II was subjected to negative propaganda while he was High Steward—David II's followers denigrated his conduct during his lieutenancies and described them as "tyranny"—and again later as king when the supporters of his son John, Earl of Carrick said that Robert was a king lacking drive and accomplishments, weighed down by age and unfit to govern. In June 1385, a force of 1200 French soldiers joined the Scots in a campaign that involved the Earl of Douglas and two of Robert's sons, John, Earl of Carrick and Robert, Earl of Fife. This was rejected and Robert succeeded to the throne at the age of 55 following David's unexpected death in 1371.  In June 1371, Robert agreed to a defensive treaty with the French, and although there were no outright hostilities during 1372, the English garrisons were reinforced and placed under an increased state of vigilance.  Edward Balliol's forces delivered heavy defeats on the Bruce supporters at Dupplin Moor on 11 August 1332 and again at Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333, at which the 17-year-old Robert participated. Key facts about King Robert II of Scotland who was born March 2, 1316, reigned (1371 - 1390) including biography, historical timeline and links to the British royal family tree. King Robert II of Scotland (c1316 - 1390) First King of the house of Stewart Married (1) Elizabeth Mure (2) Euphemia de Ross. Half brother of Jean Stewart; Egidia Stewart; Andrew Stewart and Sir John Stewart of Railston, http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00006037&tree=LEO. Robert succeeded in regaining his lands but following Randolph's capture by the English in July 1335, his possessions were once again targeted by the forces of Balliol and King Edward III of England. Following the Wars of Independence, his grandfather, King Robert The Bruce, had torn down Stirling Castle so that it could not be occupied by the English. They include: The Three Perils of Man; or, War, women, and witchcraft (1822) by James Hogg. Robert II, The Steward, King of Scots was born 2 March 1316. When Robert II came to the throne, a fourteen-year truce with England still had twelve years to run, although unofficial warfare with England continued along the border. Egidia, who married in 1387 William Douglas of Nithsdale. During the English imprisonment of King David II of Scotland, Robert ruled in his place. These sources are attached to each ancestor so that you can personally judge their reliability. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. Grant also advocates that the demonstration was aimed at father and son Robert and Thomas Erskine, who held the castles of Edinburgh, Stirling and Dumbarton from Robert's predecessor. [S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Ruled: 22 February 1371 to 19 April 1390, Preceded by: David II (Dàibhidh Bruis) Ruled 7 June 1329 - 22 Febuary 1371, Succeeded by Robert III Ruled 19 April 1390 - 4 April 1406, Robert Stewart, born in 1316, was the only child of Walter Stewart, High Steward of Scotland.  Later French inducements couldn't bring David to their aid and the country remained at peace with England until he unexpectedly died on 21 February 1371. John of Yle, Lord of the Isles, and Margaret, daughter of the Steward of Scotland, were married in 1350. Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan.  Courting Favour (2000) by Nigel Tranter.  It was resolved by Robert giving his daughter Isabella in marriage to Douglas's son, James and with Douglas replacing Erskine as Justiciar south of the Forth. Children (10) Lady Margaret Stewart Princess of Scotland . Robert II (March 2, 1316 - April 19, 1390), king of Scots, called "the Steward", a title that gave the name to the House of Stewart (or Stuart). Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan (died 1405), nicknamed "The Wolf of Badenoch", married in 1382 to Euphemia of Ross.  In 1376, the Earl of March successfully recovered Annandale, but then found himself constrained by the Bruges Anglo-French truce. Oftentimes the family trees listed as still in progress have derived from research into famous people who have a kinship to this person. Accused, probably without truth, of desertion at Neville's Cross, the Steward as heir-presumptive was greatly chagrined by the king's proposal to make Edward III of England, or one of his sons, the heir to the Scottish throne, and by David's marriage with Margaret Logie. As the elderly king has grown "feeble, weary and half-blind", his sons, daughters and other nobles campaign for power.  On 2 June 1384, Robert resolved to send Walter Wardlaw, Bishop of Glasgow to the Anglo-French peace talks, yet Carrick ignored this and allowed raids into the north of England to take place. Through her mother’s family, the Bowes-Lyons, Earls of Strathmore, she can trace her ancestry back through generations of Scottish nobility to Sir John Lyon, Thane of Glamis, who married Robert II’s daughter in the fourteenth century. Robert II died in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and was buried at Scone Abbey.  At the beginning of June 1341, the kingdom appeared sufficiently stable to allow the king to return to a land where his nobles, while fighting for the Bruce cause, had considerably increased their own power bases. 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Historical Society, 1986 ), King of Scotland James, Earl of Ross, are prominently featured characters... Five, became Regent of Scotland control the royal authority the fortress of Dumbarton Castle 1390... English led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray had emerged in the name `` Stewart '' and variations had established... In the west of Scotland David became King as Robert, High Steward of Scotland Jesus Christ of Latter-day.. For being uncanonical, so he remarried her in 1349 broke out 1385! Records and family trees listed as still in progress have derived from research into famous who...
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