medicinal uses of dioscorea spp

medicinal uses of dioscorea spp

Wild yam (scientific name Dioscorea villosa) is a plant native to North America, Mexico, and part of Asia.The root and bulb of the plant have long been used for traditional medicine. It is extremely beneficial in treating high blood pressure, fights diabetes, lower the risk of heart problems, helps maintain dental health and many more so including mountain yam in your daily diet is essential to solve all these problems rapidly. (Dioscorea spp.) Over-harvesting of rare yams has threatened populations of several Dioscorea species worldwide 18,22,23,24. It contains six genera with 650 spp., of which Dioscorea is the largest with ca. Each section should have 2 - 3 dormant buds. It can be grown in tropical and sub-tropical climatic conditions upto 1500m above mean sea level. Edible yam species The term "yam" refers to a group of plants of the Dioscorea genus. Both of these species originated in southeast Asia and very early were carried by voyagers into the Western Pacific and brought D. alata as far east as Hawaii. with other ethnomedicinal value of Dioscorea found in Meghalaya are presented in Table 1. The term yam extends to all plants of the genus Dioscorea, a name that refers to the Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. It can be toxic if eaten raw. was once a pillar of the Mexican economy and is currently practiced in the USA and Asia. Commercial exploitation of wild yams (Dioscorea spp.) Medicinally, it is used as a laxative and verfimuge and used to treat fever, gonorrhoea, leprosy, tum… ... Dioscorea villosa,D. Water Yam or Dioscorea alata is a tuberous root vegetable originated in the Asian tropics. Names of Dioscorea Esculenta in various languages of the world are also given. 600 spp, which occur mainly in the tropics and subtropics (Purseglove 1972; Takeda 1972). The two most important ones in the Pacific are Dioscorea alata (greater yam, water yam) and Dioscorea esculenta (lesser yam, potato yam). Part of Plant Used/Active Medicinal Compounds: Root extracts are taken in the form of tea or tinctures, most commonly. Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa). In recent years, the phytosteroid diosgenin has been identified as the key medicinal component. Dioscorea bulbifera (commonly known as the air potato, air yam, aerial yam, bitter yam, cheeky yam, potato yam and parsnip yam) is a species of true yam in the yam family, Dioscoreaceae.It is native to Africa, Asia and northern Australia. By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita, for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). Native to North America, Mexico, and Asia, the roots and stems of this plant are used medicinally to reduce inflammation, as a digestive aid, support healthy blood sugar, antioxidant, relieve muscle cramps, help support a healthy metabolism, enhance virility, and support healthy cholesterol levels. Small tubers can be cut into 2 - 4 sections, larger ones into 6 - 8 sections. Dioscorea Alata papad is an essential food supplement in the Indian dietary context. The cut tuber is often left in the sun for several hours to promote wound healing and reduce the risk of fungal infection Its tubers are usually bright lavender in colour. It is perennial, fast growing, and climbing plant that grows up to 15 m long. T. Publisher Nihon Rinshosha; Osaka Year 1973 ISBN Description A good Japanese herbal. Animal evidence suggests Dioscorea villosa can increase skin thickness after low-dose supplementation. List of various diseases cured by Dioscorea Esculenta. Dioscorea spp is known as Yam worldwide and are majorly used in Piles, cough, leprosy, diabetes, cancer. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Dioscorea Esculenta. Tuber/bulb Tuber is Edible, boiled and cooked [14, 22, … Medicinal Value Of Dioscorea spp: Dioscorea spp is found to possess many therapeutic potentials. Dioscorea Alata flour is a widely used food material and is utilized in preparing dehydrated food products. There are over 600 species of yam, of which only 12 Around 15 species of Dioscorea are used as a source of diosgenin 20; with an estimated market value of $500 million 21. The health benefits of Dioscorea are many including benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, cramps and intermittent claudication, cholecystitis, dysmenorrhoea, ovarian and uterine pain. The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates. Dioscorea species are widely used plants not only in Eastern traditional medicine but also in modern Western medicine. The tuber is taken roasted, in soups, fried or boiled. It is widely cultivated and has become naturalized in many regions (Latin America, the West Indies, the Southeastern United States, and various oceanic islands). The genus Dioscorea L. belongs to the family Dioscoreaceae in the order Liliales of the Class Monocotyledoneae. Varieties Arka Upkar, Pusa 1 and FB(C) – 2 are very popular. is an important edible tuber plant used for medicinal purposes to promote health and longevity in Chinese tradition. Based on the respondents report, the traditional medicinal use of Dioscorea species were;- stomach ache occur during delivery, itch, abscess, ringworm/fungal diseases, brain tumor, hypertension, stomach bloating and kidney infection. There are 12 species of edible yam, which are most consumed in Africa, South Asia, Pacific Islands and the Colombian Caribbean region. It is named by the monk Charles Plumier after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. Herb: Chinese Yam Latin name: Dioscorea batatas Synonyms: Dioscorea opposita, Dioscorea polystachya Family: Dioscoreaceae (Yam Family) Medicinal use of Chinese Yam: The Chinese yam, called Shan Yao in Chinese herbalism, is a sweet soothing herb that stimulates the stomach and spleen and has a tonic effect on the lungs and kidneys. Ethnopharmacological Potential and Medicinal Uses of Miracle Herb Dioscorea spp. How Dioscorea Esculenta is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Edible species of Dioscorea have opposite leaves whilst poisonous species have alternate leaves[174. It is also known as purple yam, greater yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam, white yam, and winged yam. Mountain Yam is a good source of Vitamins, minerals and nutrients that are essential to live healthy life. Table 1: Edible and medicinal uses of six Dioscorea species Species Part used Uses/potential uses Dioscorea alata Linn. 6.01 Evidence of substantial reproductive failure in native habitat n 0 6.02 Produces viable seed? Medicinal Dioscorea (Dioscorea floribunda Mart and Gal.) There are several herbs derived from species of Dioscorea used in Chinese herb formulas, though only two are used with some frequency. PDF | On Jan 1, 2018, Aadil Mustafa and others published Ethnopharmacological Potential and Medicinal Uses of Miracle Herb Dioscorea spp | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Soil and climate Well drained clay loam soil is suitable. (Dioscorea spp.) The tubers are cooked ? This infor Dioscoriaceae. However, no such activity has yet been reported in South America, the continent richest in Dioscorea species. 6.03 Hybridizes naturally unk-1 6.04 Self-compatible or apomictic n-1 6.05 Requires specialist pollinators n 0 6.06 Reproduction by vegetative propagation y 1 6.07 Minimum generative time (years) 1 1 7.01 Propagules likely to be dispersed unintentionally (plants growing in heavily trafficked Taken by native americans to lessen labor pains, physicians later prescribed it to treat rheumatism and gastrointestinal irritations. Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Dioscoreales > Dioscoreaceae > Dioscorea > Dioscorea villosa L. Regulates Dioscorea villosa has not yet been evaluated by the IUCN Red List. A disease caused by parasitic worms called schistosomiasis. Other medicinal uses of Dioscorea villosa include the treatment of insomnia, headaches and migraines, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis.Wild yam has been used for various digestive problems as well, like irritable bowel syndrome and colic in infants.Most treatments of wild yam remedies consist of boiling the plant roots, which are harvested in autumn and dried. Dioscorea Alata has been used as a vermifuge and laxative in various healing practices. This is in the yam family, and the herb is sometimes simply referred to as Dioscorea villosa is one of the species of yam referred to as ‘wild yam’.. Dioscorea villosa has been claimed to alleviate symptoms of menopause, but there is currently no evidence to support this effect.. Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Dioscorea species, popularly known as Yam worldwide and as Ban Aalu in Odisha, India, is a prime staple medicinal-food substitute for the majority of rural and local people of the state of India. Other Uses None known Propagation Seed - not normally used to propagate this species. Trading of herbal medicines generates economic opportunities for vulnerable groups living in periurban, rural, and marginalized areas. There are numerous reports available on ethno-medicinal uses of different Dioscorea species worldwide (Mishra et al., 2008; Sharma and Bastakoti, 2009; Sheikh et al., 2013). Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Cuttings of tubers. Medicinal Uses . This study was aimed at identifying medicinal plant species traded in the Limpopo province in South Africa, including traded plant parts, conservation statutes of the species, and harvesting methods used to collect the species. There are several species in the genus Dioscorea that are known as yams. Wild yam has a long history of alimentary and medicinal uses that can be traced back to Native American cultures, before the arrival of the first European settlers.Modern science has revealed the mechanisms behind wild yam's health benefits and expanded its uses to the pharmaceutical industry; however, the folk applications of the herb remain popular among herbalists. ]. Semistructured questionnaire supplemented by field observation was used to collect data from owners of 35 informal herbal medicine markets in the Limpo… In this current work, the structural characteristics of steroidal sa … used in variety of desserts and as flavouring. Health benefits of Mountain Yam. The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). SPECIES OF YAM In the picture: botanical illustration of different plants of the genus Dioscorea. 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